Name: Sustainable Regeneration

 What can one do with a historic dockyard?”  Sir Neil Cossons, Director of the Science Museum and chair of the Heritage Education Group at the Civic Trust set Celia Clark this challenge in the 1980s.  Her wide-ranging research since then has been attempts at answers, based on complex regeneration experience, both in Portsmouth and around the world.  

Portsmouth Harbour contains a microcosm of all the challenges thrown up by finding new life for historic defence sites: the dockyard, Priddy’s Hard, Haslar Hospital, Cambridge, Eastney and St. George Barracks, Horsea Island, Forts Widley, Purbrook, Nelson, Spitbank, NoMansland, Horse Sands… so Celia Clark and Martin Marks are writing a book about what’s happened to them in the last fifty years.  A small section of Portsmouth dockyard within the active naval base was leased by the MOD to Portsmouth Naval Base Property Trust.  This lecture explores what has happened there since the 1970s.

Sustainable Regeneration of Former Military Sties is the first book to analyse the search for sustainable futures for property formerly dedicated to national defence.  Arsenals, airforce and naval bases, military towns and defence lines in the US, China, Europe and the UK are finding new life, but the transition from military to civilian life from these contaminated, isolated, heritage laden and often contested sites in locations ranging from urban to remote is far from easy.  With twelve case studies drawn from different countries, many written by those involved, this book enables the diverse stakeholders in these projects to discover unique opportunities for reuse and learn from others' experience of successful regeneration. 

1. Framing military brownfields as a catalyst for urban regeneration - Samer Bagaeen
 2. From Crown to commons? A UK perspective –
Julian Dobson
 3. Democracy, military bases, and marshmallows - Connor Ryan
 4. Make art not war: Defence sites find new life as centres of creativity - Celia Clark
 5. A parable: The emergence of ruderal ‘communities’ on former military bases in the UK - Fen B. Kipley
 6. Communities old and new: Military brownfields
 and the Aldershot Urban Extension - Robert Adam
 7. Twelve miles, eighteen years, and worlds apart:
The cases of the Philadelphia Navy Yard and the Frankford Arsenal - Christopher A. Preble
 8. Military sites conserva1on and regenera1on in Taiwan - Yi-Jen Tseng
9. Military brownfields in the Netherlands: The revitaliza1ons of the New Dutch Waterline (1980-2014) - Gerdy A. Verschuure-Stuip
10. The Regenera1on of disused military airfields in
China - Tang Yan and Yang Dong
11. Redeveloping Naval Air Sta1on Brunswick: From a navy base to a great new place! - Steven Levesque
12. The Brooklyn Navy Yard revived: A defense conversion case study in the United States - Christopher A. Preble and Celia Clark
13. Conclusion: Diversity in the transforma1on of defense sites to new civilian life - Celia Clark

This pioneering book was launched on 22 June 2016 on Governors' Island, New York's key new park created on a military and coast guard base. 'Three of the authors were present...'

Dr. Celia Clark is an expert on the transition of former defence sites to civilian uses and was editor of the publication in the image

She initiated a series of conferences organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology: Defence Sites: Heritage and Future held in Portsmouth in 2012, Venice Arsenale in 2014, Alicante in 2016.
She is a committee member of the international Naval Dockyards Society.

Celia Clark lives in Portsmouth and was a founder member of the
Portsmouth Society , a voluntary group which campaigns to preserve the best of the city's environment: buildings, streets, open spaces, harbour and seashore and to encourage design excellence in new buildings and urban spaces.

Her dissertation for the MSc. Historic Conservation at Oxford Brookes University in 1994 explored The Future of Dockyard Heritage: Conservation, Community and Economic Aspects of the Transition of Naval and Military Sites to Civilian use in four former dockyard towns: Chatham, Portsmouth, Plymouth and Venezia.  Her PhD thesis at the University of Portsmouth in 2002 examined 'White Holes: decision-making in disposal of Ministry of Defence heritage sites’.  Her report  ‘Vintage Ports or Deserted Dockyards: differing futures for naval heritage across Europe’ was published by the University of the West of England in 2000.  In 2006 she led the bid to inscribe Portsmouth Harbour, the Isle of Wight and Spithead on the World Heritage list - currently in abeyance.